APRA’s chair has warned financial services players should be preparing themselves for the next crisis, prescribing capital, liquidity and climate risk assessments as the industry recovers from the COVID-19 turmoil.
Wayne Byres, chair of the prudential regulator has defined this year as a series of unexpected but high impact events, from the bushfire catastrophe to the COVID health and economic crisis.
The now somewhat repeated occurrence of black swan affairs means that financial institutions need to be ready for the unexpected – a subtle but important shift for APRA’s thinking, towards building resilience.
“We want a system that is able to absorb shocks, even from so-called black swan events and have the means to restore itself to full health,” Mr Byres said, in an address to the 2020 Forum of the Risk Management Association.
Liquidity is an area of concern for the regulator, given the extreme volatility, but also the sudden government decision to implement an early superannuation release scheme.
“The superannuation sector, used to a stream of steady and predictable cash flows, had to grapple with a large, sudden and unexpected outflow,” Mr Byres said.
“Banks benefited from that outflow from superannuation into household deposits, but on the other hand had to deal, for example, with a strong demand to redeem negotiable certificates of deposit (NCDs) well before their contractual maturity.”
At the heart of the challenges, he said, were behavioural assumptions that did not hold. But behavioural assumptions are what form the foundations for risk management and prudential regulation.
“The Liquidity Coverage Ratio, for example, is built on assumptions of likely stressed outflows over a one-month time horizon,” Mr Byres stated.
“But what about when those assumed stress flows prove inadequate? And what about liquidity needs sitting just beyond the one-month window?
“Both are issues on which we need to reflect on and consider whether – without seeking to raise requirements – we can adjust the framework to make the system more resilient to liquidity stress.”
The regulator is also contending with the troubles arising from climate change, with plans to release a prudential practice guide on related financial risks. Mr Byres referred to this year’s State of the Climate report from CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology, which has painted a “stark picture”.
Warming temperatures, a rise in extreme fire weather, a drier continent in areas of greatest population density, more intense rainfall events, rising sea levels and increasing acidification of the oceans around Australia have all been forecast.
“It is impossible for these events, and the changing government policies, investor preferences and community expectations that accompany them, not to have financial consequences,” Mr Byres commented.
“At APRA, we have not sought to prescribe how climate-related risks should be managed, but we most definitely see a thorough understanding of climate-related risks as essential for a resilient financial system.”
And although APRA has focused on institutions building capital reserves to ensure strength after the global financial crisis, the chair commented its framework could stand to make improvements to become more resilient.
The first suggested change is a re-evaluation of the buffer framework, to make it easier to use capital buffers without unintended consequences.
The second is the role of additional tier 1 instruments in providing loss-absorbing capacity, which is being discussed internationally. APRA has signalled it will be watching how the debate plays out.
Another risk to organisations is its people. Mr Byres cautioned that risk managers will need to have social and cultural issues in their sights.
“The people-related risks from the extended period of disruption are very real,” he said.
“They will impact on organisational performance, operational controls, and risk culture – all critical to good risk management and organisational resilience.”
Sarah Simpkins is a journalist at Momentum Media, reporting primarily on banking, financial services and wealth.
Prior to joining the team in 2018, Sarah worked in trade media and produced stories for a current affairs program on community radio.
You can contact her on [email protected].
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