The US Federal Reserve is likely to drag out its interest rate increases over three years, says Magellan chief executive Hamish Douglass – making the likelihood of a bond market rout unlikely.
Speaking at Magellan Asset Management's adviser roadshow in Sydney yesterday, the firm's chief executive, CIO and lead portfolio manager Hamish Douglass said the US economy is unlikely to come to a "grinding halt" as interest rates go up.
Mr Douglass compared the current US interest rate cycle with the rate hikes that began in 1994.
"[In 1994 the Fed] increased the overnight cash rate. In February 1994 it stood at three per cent, and over a period of seven rate increases they increased it to six per cent," he said.
Contrary to fears at the time, the US economy did not "fall off a cliff" as a result, he said.
"They started at 25 basis points at the time, and after they started tightening monetary policy, the US economy actually accelerated – and unemployment continued to fall.
"What they then did was take the rate increase from 25 basis points to 50 basis points. Did the economy stop? No, it kept going – and they ended it with a 75 basis points hike," Mr Douglass said.
Reflecting on the expected cycle of interest rate rises in the US, Mr Douglass said it is "very unlikely" that the US economy will come to a halt when the Federal Reserve starts tightening monetary policy.
"I would put a wager on it – and I hate betting – that the US economy will actually pick up speed after they start tightening interest rates in the US. And the reason I say that is there is US$10 trillion of deposits in America that for seven years have been bearing no interest," he said.
The coming rate increases in the US are likely to be "very gradual", he added.
"I’m anticipating they’re going to do it over three years, not over 18 months like they did in 1994, which probably means it’s unlikely we’re going to get the 1994 bond market rout scenario," he said.
"We’re not going to have plummeting bond prices as this happens. It’s probably going to be more like a frog in water where you gradually turn up the heat.
"The Fed’s going to boil us slowly here. But you have to notice when the temperature’s changing, and we’re just starting to see the temperature change and effecting the periphery of the risk assets in the world with dramatic movements in prices," Mr Douglass said.